Thalia geniculata

Thalia geniculata, the bent alligator-flag,[3] arrowroot,[4] or fire-flag,[4] is a plant species widespread across tropical Africa and much of the Americas.

Thalia geniculata is native to a large region in Africa, from Senegal in the west to Sudan in the east, south to Zimbabwe and Angola. It is also considered native to Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, most of South America, as well as the southeastern United States (Puerto Rico, Florida, Louisiana, Alabama and southern Georgia).[2][5]


The larvae of Stolidoptera tachasara, Xylophanes hannemanni and Sphenarches anisodactylus have been recorded feeding on Thalia geniculata. The Thalia geniculata was also use to investigate the sugar-feeding behavior of Anopheles quadrimaculatus by measuring the impact and its survival(7)[citation needed]


Rosmarinic acid can be found in plants in the family Marantaceae such as Thalia geniculata.[6]


  1. ^ Ghogue, J.-P. (2020). "Thalia geniculata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T58087826A58087830. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T58087826A58087830.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species".
  3. ^ USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Thalia geniculata". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Thalia geniculata". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  5. ^ Biota of North America Program, map, Thalia geniculata
  6. ^ Occurrence of rosmarinic acid, chlorogenic acid and rutin in Marantaceae species. Yana Abdullah, Bernd Schneider and Maike Petersen, Phytochemistry Letters, 12 December 2008, Volume 1, Issue 4, Pages 199–203, doi:10.1016/j.phytol.2008.09.010