Tillandsia fasciculata

Tillandsia fasciculata, commonly known as the giant airplant,[4] giant wild pine, or cardinal airplant,[5] is a species of bromeliad that is native to Central America, Mexico, the West Indies, northern South America (Venezuela, Colombia, Suriname, French Guiana, northern Brazil), and the southeastern United States (Georgia and Florida).[3][5][6][7][8][9][10][11] Within the United States, this airplant is at risk of extirpation from the Mexican bromeliad weevil, Metamasius callizona. A related plant, Tillandsia utriculata, sometimes called the "wild pine", is endemic to the same areas.

Varieties and cultivars

Four varieties are recognized:[3]

  1. Tillandsia fasciculata var. clavispica Mez – Florida, Cuba, southern Mexico, Cayman Islands
  2. Tillandsia fasciculata var. densispica Mez – Florida, southern and eastern Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Hispaniola
  3. Tillandsia fasciculata var. fasciculata – most of species range
  4. Tillandsia fasciculata var. laxispica Mez – central Mexico, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Cuba

Several cultivars have been named:[12]

  • Tillandsia 'Beauty'
  • Tillandsia 'Casallena'
  • Tillandsia 'Cathcart'
  • Tillandsia 'Chevalieri'
  • Tillandsia 'Chiquininga'
  • Tillandsia 'Ervin Wurthmann'
  • Tillandsia 'Florida'
  • Tillandsia 'Hines Poth'
  • Tillandsia 'Jalapa Fortin'
  • Tillandsia 'Latas au Pair'
  • Tillandsia 'Maria Teresa L.'
  • Tillandsia 'Miz Ellen'
  • Tillandsia 'Neerdie'
  • Tillandsia 'Pachuca'
  • Tillandsia 'Silver Bullets'
  • Tillandsia 'Summer Dawn'
  • Tillandsia 'Sybil Frasier'
  • Tillandsia 'Tropiflora'
  • Tillandsia 'Unamit'
  • Tillandsia 'Verraco'
  • Tillandsia 'Veteran'


  1. ^ Romand-Monnier, F.; Contu, S. (2013). "Tillandsia fasciculata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013: e.T44393356A68278050. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-2.RLTS.T44393356A68278050.en. Retrieved 8 December 2022.
  2. ^ Isley, Paul T. Tillandsia: the World's Most Unusual Air Plants. Vol. 1. Botanical Press. p. 54.
  3. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Tillandsia fasciculata". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  5. ^ a b Flora of North America, cardinal airplant, Tillandsia fasciculata Swartz, Prodr. 56. 1788.
  6. ^ Neyland, Ray (2009). Wildflowers of the Coastal Plain: A Field Guide. Louisiana State University Press. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-80-713407-8.
  7. ^ Luther, Harry E. (1995). "An Annotated Checklist of the Bromeliaceae of Costa Rica". Selbyana. 16 (2): 230–234. ISSN 0361-185X. JSTOR 41759911.
  8. ^ Espejo-Serna, Adolfo; López-Ferrari, Ana Rosa; Ramírez-morillo, Ivón; Holst, Bruce K.; Luther, Harry E.; Till, Walter (1 June 2004). "Checklist of Mexican Bromeliaceae with Notes on Species Distribution and Levels of Endemism". Selbyana. 25 (1): 33–86. ISSN 2689-0682. JSTOR 41760147.
  9. ^ Holst, Bruce K. (1 February 1994). "Checklist of Venezuelan Bromeliaceae with Notes on Species Distribution by State and Levels of Endemism". Selbyana. 15 (1): 132–149. ISSN 2689-0682. JSTOR 41759858.
  10. ^ Luther, H.E. "Bromeliaceae of the United States (excluding Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands)" (PDF). Marie Selby Botanical Gardens.
  11. ^ Biota of North America Program, 2013 county range map
  12. ^ BSI Cultivar Registry Archived 2009-12-02 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 11 October 2009

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